Updated: Jan 28
Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the colon and rectum. It is the third most common cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.
Risk factors for colon cancer in men include age, family history of colon cancer, personal history of polyps or inflammatory bowel disease, and lifestyle factors such as a diet high in red and processed meats, a sedentary lifestyle, and heavy alcohol consumption.
Symptoms of colon cancer in men include a change in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and weakness or fatigue. However, many of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it is important to see a doctor if you have any concerns.
Screening for colon cancer is an important way to detect the disease early, when it is most treatable. Men at average risk for colon cancer should begin screening at age 50, while men with a higher risk may need to start screening earlier. Screening options include a colonoscopy, a stool-based test, or a CT colonography.
Treatment for colon cancer depends on the stage of the disease and may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In some cases, targeted therapy or immunotherapy may also be used.
Preventing colon cancer in men begins with making healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, getting regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking. It is also important to be aware of your family history of colon cancer and to discuss any concerns with your doctor.
In summary, colon cancer is a serious disease that affects men and is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Risk factors include age, family history, personal history of polyps or inflammatory bowel disease, and lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity. Screening is important in detecting the disease early, and treatment options depend on the stage of the disease. Making healthy lifestyle choices and knowing your family history can help prevent colon cancer.